Our CLARIN K-Centre co-operates closely with the TEI SIG CMC on the development of a TEI standard for the representation of the structural and linguistic peculiarities of CMC.

The current version of the TEI encoding framework and guidelines (TEI P5) does not offer any specific models for CMC. Including features and instructions for encoding CMC in the official TEI is a desideratum both in the fields of digital humanities and computer science.

In the past, members of the TEI SIG CMC have developed project-specific TEI customisations for the representation of CMC corpora such the Dortmund Chat Corpus or the French CoMeRe family of corpora. In late 2019, the SIG developed CMC-core, a TEI customisation that represents a reduction of the previous schemas to those features which form basic setup that one needs to encode CMC corpora, but which is not in the TEI yet.


CMC-core has been submitted to the TEI Council as an official Feature Request in 2020. It is currently under review by the TEI Council.

Schemas and documentation

The formal customisation of CMC-core (ODD), along with a derived RNG schema, and documentation is available from the TEI Wiki of the TEI SIG CMC. In addition to these, encoding examples for the genres chat, wiki talk, second life, and twitter, based on existing corpora, are offered.

Overview of customizations

Below is a short overview of the four types of customizations our ODD for CMC-core introduces, using the technical vocabulary of the TEI infrastructure.

  1. A new module named ‘cmc’ is introduced. It is referenced by the new model classe model.divPart.cmc, by the new attribute class, and by the new element <post>.

  2. The new model class model.divPart.cmc is introduced. It is defined to be a member of the existing class model.divPart and serves as a container for the new element <post>

  3. The new element <post> is introduced along with several attributes

  4. The new attribute class is introduced. It defines the new attribute @creation to be available for all elements. The existing attribute class has been modified to additionally be a member of


A rationale for the models included in the schema is given in the ODD and as a long version in the following article: